Christianity and Native America
AMERICA'S FIRST NATIONS CURRICULA COLLECTION, 2000, 0.15 foot (unprocessed).
Photographs, video recordings and a retired website from the America's First
Nations Summer Institute for K-12 social studies teachers. Marquette University hosted the institute
with a grant from the National Endowment for
ANDREWS, FRANK, MUSIC COLLECTION, 1956-1972, undated, 0.8 foot.
Audio recordings of American Indian songs in native languages. Most were recorded in Montana, Oklahoma, and South Dakota
at festivals or in private homes.
ARCHAMBAULT, SISTER MARIE THERESE, O.S.F., PAPERS, 1937-2008, undated, 0.4 foot.
Papers of a teacher-scholar known for her reflections on the saintly Oglala Indian holy man, Nicholas Black Elk. She herself was a Hunkpapa Indian from North and
South Dakota and a religious sister of the Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian Charity.
ASSOCIATION OF NATIVE RELIGIOUS AND CLERGY RECORDS, 1957-1990, 1992, undated [1970s-1990s], 0.2 c.f.
Primarily photographs of ANRC annual retreats, an ANRC statement to the Tekakwitha Conference (1992), and notes from an interview of
Rev. Georges P. Mathieu (Potawatomi).
BELLEAU, JULIUS M., COLLECTION, 1815-1925, undated, 0.1 foot [3 reels microfilm].
Records pertaining to Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church and School, Pembina, North
Dakota, and Catholic evangelization of Ojibwa Indians and Métis.
BIRTHING PROJECT ORAL HISTORY COLLECTION, 1990-1997, 1.3 feet.
Interviews about birthing practices that include four Siksika Indian women in Montana.
BLACK AND INDIAN MISSION COLLECTION (COMMISSION FOR THE CATHOLIC MISSIONS AMONG THE COLORED PEOPLE AND THE INDIANS)
See -- Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records.
BLACK AND INDIAN MISSION OFFICE RECORDS
See -- Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records.
BLACKFOOT RESEARCH PROJECT COLLECTION, 1939-1958, 0.2 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Papers pertaining to the history, culture, and cultural assimilation of Siksika Indians in Montana.
BUREAU OF CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSIONS RECORDS, 1848-[ongoing], undated, 609.8 feet [421 reels microfilm] (25.1 feet unprocessed).
This collection comprises the records of the Black and Indian Mission Office, which houses three
mission agencies of the Catholic Church -- the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions (established 1874),
the Commission for the Catholic Missions among the Colored People and the Indians (established 1884;
known today as the Black and Indian Mission Collection) and The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board
(established 1907; formerly the Catholic Board for Mission Work Among the Colored People). The
Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions promotes Catholic evangelization among Native Americans in the
United States; the Black and Indian Mission Collection raises funds for African American and Native
American evangelization in the United States; and The Catholic Negro-American Mission Board also
raises funds for and supports African American evangelization. Correspondence, reports, photographs,
publications, and government documents comprise the bulk of the collection.
BUREAU OF CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSIONS DIGITAL IMAGE COLLECTION
Selected images of Native Americans and associated Catholic
clergy and religious from the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records,
Sacred Heart Province Franciscan Records, and the Walter Bernard Hunt Collection.
THE CATHOLIC NEGRO-AMERICAN MISSION BOARD (FORMERLY THE CATHOLIC BOARD FOR MISSION WORK AMONG THE COLORED PEOPLE)
See -- Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records.
CHIAPAS (MEXICO) AND CENTRAL AMERICA COLLECTION, Bulk 1980s-2000s, 7.0 feet (unprocessed).
Photography and papers by Richard G. Flamer, a Vietnam War veteran,
anti-war activist, and Catholic Worker. The images document the life of
the poor and refuges in Chiapas, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua,
including Maya Indians, 1980s-2000s. Also documented is the
development of a Catholic Worker center and farm in San Cristobal las
Casas, Chiapas, Mexico.
COMMISSION FOR THE CATHOLIC MISSIONS AMONG THE COLORED PEOPLE AND THE INDIANS (BLACK AND INDIAN MISSION COLLECTION)
See -- Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions Records.
CONCEPTION ABBEY RECORDS, 1876-1980, 0.1 foot [3 reels microfilm].
Conception Abbey Benedictine (Conception, Missouri)
records pertaining to Catholic missions and schools in North and South Dakota among the Arikara, Hidatsa, and
Mandan, Hunkpapa, Santee, and Sisseton-Wahpeton Indians.
CONGREGATION OF THE GREAT SPIRIT RECORDS, 1980s-2000s, 3.3 feet (3.0 feet unprocessed).
Pertains to a predominantly American Indian parish of the Archdiocese of Milwaukee in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and the Siggenauk Interfaith Spiritual Center, an urban spiritual outreach and social welfare agency based at the parish. [Connect to Inventory]
CONRAD N. HILTON FUND FOR SISTERS RECORDS, 1986-[ongoing], 108.2 feet (79.6 feet unprocessed).
Records of a fund established by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation in 1986 to support humanitarian
projects directed by Catholic sisters in impoverished and underdeveloped areas worldwide. Most
projects pertain to health care, education, economic development, and welfare. Several projects have
served indigenous Native Americans in the United States and elsewhere in the Americas.
COOK, JOSEPH W., COLLECTION, 0.1 foot [2 reels microfilm].
Pertains to Yankton Indian kinship and Dakota language.
DIETRICH, SUSAN, PAPERS
See -- Blackfoot Research Project Collection.
DIOCESE OF HELENA RECORDS, 1855-2003, 0.1 foot [3 reels microfilm].
Sacramental records of Siksika Indians in Montana. This collection is restricted.
DIOCESE OF SAN CRISTOBAL LAS CASAS RECORDS, 1540-1698, 1.0 foot (1.0 foot unprocessed).
Photographic slides of correspondence regarding church and government relations with Maya Indians in Chiapas, Mexico.
DOLL, DON, S.J., COLLECTION, 1977-1979,1983,1985-1996, 1998-2013, undated, 3.9 feet (0.8 cubic foot unprocessed).
Primarily color photography for art publications about Brulé, Hunkpapa, Oglala, Sans Arc, Santee, Sisseton-Wahpeton, and Yankton Indians in South Dakota, Minnesota and North Dakota and Winnebago Indians in Nebraska. Related background documentation is also included for Vision Quest: Men, Women and Sacred Sites of the Sioux Nation. [Connect to Inventory]
EISENMAN FAMILY PAPERS, ca. 1907-1948, 2.0 feet (2.0 unprocessed).
Letters and memoirs of Elizabeth Mary Hulsman Eisenman (1868-1959) and four of her sons, Rev. Omer H. Eisenman (1889-1980), Rev. Sylvester (Norbert) Eisenman (1891-1948), O.S.B., a founder of the Oblate Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament and the Tekakwitha Conference (1939), Leonard John Eisenman (1893-1947), and Rev. Edward L. Eisenman (1895-1966).
EWENS, MARY, O.P., RESEARCH COLLECTION, 1882-1987, 2.1 feet (2.1 unprocessed).
Facsimiles and research notes regarding the Congregation of the American Sisters -- a congregation of Dakota-Lakota religious sisters in Dakota Territory and Cuba, 1890s -- and the Sisters of the Snows, a series of Yupik Eskimo communities of religious sisters in Alaska, 1920s?-1950s? Box 3 contains audio recordings about the Sisters of the Snows, which are restricted.
FALLA-SÁNCHEZ, RICARDO, S.J., PAPERS, 1937-2005, undated, 0.7 foot [6 reels microfilm] (0.4 foot unprocessed).
Facsimile research notes and manuscripts, copy photographs, and recorded interviews by and about
Quiché Indians in Guatemala. The materials are in Spanish and Quiché and correlate with the author's
Ph.D. dissertation and published writings.
FLUSCHE, DELLA M., PAPERS, 0.4 foot (unprocessed).
Transcripts and research notes mostly in Spanish, which pertain to Jesuit missions among native people of Chile during the 17th and 18th centuries.
FOLEY, THOMAS W., RESEARCH COLLECTION, 1863-2012, undated, 2.0 feet.
Collection regarding Rev. Francis M. Craft (1852-1920), a mixed-descent Mohawk Indian, and the Congregation of American Sisters, a Catholic religious community of Dakota-Lakota Indians. Rev. Craft survived the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre and served with the American Sisters as Indian missionaries in North and South Dakota and as hospital workers in Cuba during the Spanish American War. [Connect to Inventory]
FOX, NOEL P., PAPERS, 1924-1981, 20.0 feet.
Case files, correspondence, clippings, and reports of Noel P. Fox, the U.S. District Court judge for the Western District of Michigan, 1962-1979. Included is a federal court case concerning the fishing rights of Ottawa Indians.
HAMILTON, RAPHAEL N., S.J., PAPERS, 1912-1973, 2.6 feet.
Papers of a Marquette University professor of history that includes
articles, correspondence, presentations and reviews on his research
regarding Père Jacques Marquette, S.J., and other French explorers in North America.
HOLY ROSARY MISSION -- RED CLOUD INDIAN SCHOOL RECORDS, 1868-[ongoing], 162.4 feet [40 reels microfilm] (92.3 feet unprocessed).
Records of Red Cloud Indian School (formerly Holy Rosary Mission) regarding
Oglala Indians, the Catholic Church, Jesuits, and Sisters of St.
Francis of Penance and Christian Charity on the Pine Ridge Indian
Reservation in South Dakota.
HOLY ROSARY MISSION -- RED CLOUD INDIAN SCHOOL DIGITAL IMAGE COLLECTION
Selected online images from the Holy Rosary Mission -- Red Cloud Indian School Records.
HONOR OUR NEIGHBORS' ORIGINS AND RIGHTS RECORDS, 1990-2006, undated, 0.5 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Records of Honor Our Neighbors' Origins and Rights, a Midwest-based
independent advocacy organization for treaty rights and justice issues
affecting American Indians. The collection contains minutes of Board of Directors' meetings and its newsletter,
HUNT, WALTER BERNARD "BEN," COLLECTION, 1924, 1937, 1941; 1937?-1940s?; Used 1945, 1947; undated, 0.1 foot.
An album of photographs by Hunt (now decompiled) with Oglala Indians in South Dakota (includes Holy man/ catechist Nicholas Black Elk), Ojibwa Indians in Wisconsin, birch-bark canoes, and wood-crafted figurines.
INCULTURATION TASK FORCES RECORDS OF THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS AD-HOC COMMITTEE ON NATIVE AMERICANS, 1993-2003, undated, 1.0 foot.
Records of task forces on Native American-Catholic liturgical inculturation
within the dioceses of Rapid City (South Dakota) and Tucson (Arizona) and
reports of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops' Ad Hoc Committee on
Native American Catholics.
THE INDIAN SENTINEL DIGITAL COLLECTION
The Indian Sentinel is an illustrated magazine (1902-1962) within the Bureau of Catholic Indian Mission
Records. The English language edition is available online.
JANDA, JAMES, PAPERS, undated, 0.6 foot (0.6 foot unprocessed).
Primarily poetry, plays, and children's stories. Most notable is "The Hanbelachia Collection," which pertains to Native Americans and Catholic evangelization by Jesuits in South Dakota. This collection is closed.
KATERI TEKAKWITHA PROJECT ORAL HISTORY COLLECTION, 1989-2012, 2.2 feet.
Recorded interviews and transcripts, photographs, and field notes regarding American
Indian prayer and religious devotions to Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha (Mohawk), a sainthood candidate. The respondents were Brulé,
Hunkpapa, Oglala, and Sans Arc Indians in South Dakota; Jemez, Laguna, Navajo, Pima, and Tohono O'odham, Indians in Arizona, New Mexico, and Washington State; and Brulé, Menominee, Ottawa, and Winnebago [Ho Chunk] Indians in Wisconsin.
KISEMANITO CENTRE COLLECTION, 1981-1986, undated, 4.6 feet (1.2 feet unprocessed).
Recordings of Native Catholic ministry formation classes and public celebrations in Canada that pertain to Native Christian beliefs, ceremonies, psychology, alcohol use prevention, and native legal status. Some presenters are from the United States.
LEWIS, OSCAR, PAPERS
See -- Blackfoot Research Project Collection.
McGILLYCUDDY, VALENTINE T., PAPERS, 1867-1940, 0.1 foot [45 microfiche].
Papers on microfiche pertaining to Dr. Valentine Trant McGillycuddy's career as a physician, cartographer, and the Pine Ridge (Red Cloud) Indian Agent to the Oglala Indians in Nebraska and South Dakota.
MARQUETTE, PÈRE JACQUES, COLLECTION
See -- University Archives -- D2 Jesuit Community Records and Père Marquette Collection.
MARQUETTE LEAGUE FOR CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSIONS RECORDS, 1901-1991, 0.3 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Records of a lay fund-raising organization that supported Native American Catholic schools and students in the United States. Included is
a periodical, The Calumet, 1913-1958.
MORGAN, THOMAS J., PAPERS, 1889-1893, 0.6 foot.
Facsimiles of letter books compiled by Thomas Jefferson Morgan as Commissioner of Indian Affairs, pertaining to American Indian assimilation and education and administration of the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, including conflicts with the Catholic Church.
NORTH AMERICAN FRENCH REGIME COLLECTION, 1593-1977, undated, 0.9 foot [29 reels microfilm].
Records regarding exploration and evangelization of the Great Lakes, Mississippi, and St.
Lawrence regions by France and the French Province Jesuits.
OSAGE MISSION RECORDS, 1847-1881, 0.4 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Records from the Jesuits' Osage Mission and the Osage Manual Labor School for Osage Indian students in Kansas.
PEÑA CALAC, JULIANA,PAPERS, 1887-1960, 0.2 foot.
Papers regarding the Cupeño Indians of Pala, California, with family life, schooling, and relations with the
community and the U.S. Armed Forces being the principal subjects.
PINE RIDGE RESERVATION CHURCH REGISTER, EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN SOUTH DAKOTA, 1879-1908, 0.1 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Episcopal Church sacramental records of Oglala Indians in South Dakota.
PROYECTO PASTORAL MAYA = MAYA PASTORAL PROJECT RECORDS, 1992-2005, undated, 0.6 foot. (0.5 foot unprocessed).
Records of a national Catholic ministry to Maya Indians under the auspices of the United States Catholic Conference.
PRUCHA, FRANCIS PAUL, S.J., PAPERS, 1927-[ongoing], 23.8 feet.
Papers of a Marquette University professor of history regarding the
relationship between the United States government and Native American groups. Included are extensive correspondence and
subject files, chiefly with other U.S. historians, editors, academic
publishers, former students, and professional historical organizations; research project files, teaching notes, manuscripts of lectures and
presentations, and photographs of Indian peace medals are also included.
RADIN, PAUL, PAPERS, 1727-2003, undated, 13.1 feet. (4.3 feet unprocessed).
Papers and publications regarding oral literature and religious beliefs of
ethnic groups in North America, Africa, and the East Indies. Included
are rare articles and books, notes, and mostly
facsimile correspondence from other repositories.
RAPID CITY (SOUTH DAKOTA) JOURNAL NATIVE AMERICAN REFERENCE FILE, 1891, 1939-1941, 1946, 1955-1984, undated, 0.1 foot [72 microfiche].
Clippings with biographical and historical notes on Brulé, Sans Arc, and Oglala Indians, and other associates, on the Pine Ridge, Rosebud, and Cheyenne River Indian Reservations and in Rapid City. Major topics include the American Indian Movement and Indian claims to the Black Hills.
RAY, HERMAN D., COLLECTION, 2011-[ongoing]. 0.2 foot.
Digital still photography with related sound recordings and ephemera from the annual national meetings of the Tekakwitha Conference since 2011; the Official U.S. St. Kateri Tekakwitha Canonization Pilgrimage to the Vatican/ Rome with related U.S. events, 2012-2013; the Little Servants of the Cross in Arizona, 2012; and the a 2013 Pro-Life rally in Washington, D.C.
RED CLOUD INDIAN SCHOOL RECORDS
See -- Holy Rosary Mission -- Red Cloud Indian School Records.
REUSS, HENRY S., MENOMINEE INDIAN RECORDS, 1952-1979, 1.6 feet.
Correspondence, publications, printed materials, and photographs
regarding the termination, restoration, and welfare of the Menominee
Indians and the designation of the Wolf River as a National Scenic River.
SACRED HEART PROVINCE FRANCISCAN RECORDS, 1829-1981, 4.8 feet [43 reels microfilm].
Franciscan records regarding Menominee, Ojibwa, Ottawa, and Pima Indians, the Catholic Church, Franciscans, and religious sisters in Michigan, Wisconsin, and Arizona.
ST. FRANCIS MISSION RECORDS, 1878- [ongoing], 48.1 feet [22 reels microfilm] (20.2 feet unprocessed).
Records pertaining to Brulé Indians, the Catholic Church, Jesuits, and Sisters of St. Francis of Penance and Christian
Charity on the Rosebud Indian Reservation in South Dakota.
ST. FRANCIS MISSION DIGITAL IMAGE COLLECTION
Selected online images from the St. Francis Mission Records.
ST. ISAAC JOGUES CHURCH RECORDS, 1983-1994, 2008, 0.3 foot (0.3 unprocessed).
Records from a Jesuit-administered parish in Rapid City, South Dakota
with Brulé, Hunkpapa, Oglala, Sans Arc, and other Indian parishioners.
ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST -- SANTA BARBARA PROVINCES FRANCISCAN RECORDS, 1873-1965, undated, 0.2 foot [7 reels microfilm].
Correspondence, photography, and a periodical from the Franciscans of the St. John the Baptist
Province (Cincinnati, Ohio) and the Santa Barbara Province (Santa Barbara, California) regarding missions and schools among the
Apache, Navajo, Pima, Tohono O'Odham, and Yaqui Indians in Arizona and New
ST. JOSEPH'S INDIAN INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL ORAL HISTORY COLLECTION, 1991-1995, undated, 0.5 feet.
Recorded interviews regarding St. Joseph's Indian Industrial School, a Catholic boarding
school on the Menominee Indian Reservation in Wisconsin. All respondents were former students -- Menominee and Potawatomi Indians -- and/or
teachers -- Sisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet.
ST. MARY'S MISSION RECORDS, 1851-1871, 0.03 foot [1 reel microfilm].
Baptismal records from the Jesuit administered mission and school for Potawatomi Indians in Kansas.
ST. PAUL'S MISSION COLLECTION, 1867-2008, 0.9 foot.
Primarily photographs and publications pertaining to Yankton Indians and Benedictines on the Yankton Indian Reservation, Marty, South Dakota.
ST. STEPHEN'S MISSION RECORDS, 1865, 1886-[ongoing], 7.8 feet [10 reels microfilm] (3.2 feet unprocessed).
Records regarding Arapaho and Shoshoni Indians, the Catholic Church, Jesuits, and Sisters of St.
Francis of Philadelphia in Wyoming.
SCHEUERMAN, ANNE M., COLLECTION, 1935, 1971-2013, undated, 6.2 feet.
Primarily 35 mm. still photography at Catholic Church events in Canada,
the United States, and the Vatican/ Rome, most of which relate to Native North Americans. Most notable are the Catholic Eucharistic Congresses, 1976, Philadelphia, 2008, Québec; Tekakwitha Conference meetings, 1979-2012; visits to the United States and Canadia by Popes John Paul II, 1979-2002, and Benedict XVI, 2008; the
beatification/ canonization of Kateri Tekakwitha, 1980, 2012, and related commemorative events, 1971-2013; the ordinations of Bishops Donald E. Pelotte, S.S.S. (Abenaki), and Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. (Potawatomi), 1986, 1988; the canonization of St. Rose Philippe Duchesne, 1988; the beatification of Katharine Drexel, 1988; and World Youth Day, 1993, Denver,
2002, Toronto. Also included are reformatted lecture slides by Rev. John J. Wynne, S.J., on the North American Jesuit martyrs, undated (ca. 1925), and Kateri Tekakwitha, 1935.
SIGGENAUK CENTER RECORDS, 1974-1989, 2005, undated, 2.4 feet.
Records of an Archdiocese of Milwaukee outreach ministry to American Indians in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, that preceded
the Congregation of the Great Spirit. It includes an oral autobiography by Sister Genevieve Cuny,
SIOUX SPIRITUAL CENTER RECORDS, 1972-[ongoing], undated (5.0 feet unprocessed).
Photographs, minutes, printed materials, and video recordings pertaining to Brulé, Hunkpapa, Oglala, Sans Arc, and other
Indian Catholics and their activities of the Sioux Spiritual Center,
Plainview, South Dakota. In 1978, Jesuits, under the auspices of
the Diocese of Rapid City, established and have administered the center, which supports permanent diaconate (established 1973) and lay ministry formation in the diocese and beyond. The collection includes a
1980s Mass by Rev. Patrick McCorkell, S.J., and Deacon Steven Red Elk
(Oglala) with the Gospel reading and sermon in Dakota-Lakota and interviews of Bishop Harold Dimmerling and several
Native deacons regarding their formation and expectations as permanent deacons.
PROGRAMS INDIGENOUS MISSION RECORDS, 1960-2000, 3.2 feet (1.3 feet unprocessed).
Correspondence, minutes of meetings, photographs, audio and video
recordings, press clippings, and publications pertaining to relationships of
U.S. church groups in Wisconsin and Oklahoma with the Catholic Church in
Chiapas, Mexico, and Guatemala in its service to Maya Indian peoples.
Includes audio/video materials on indigenous Indian life ways, social
conditions, and human rights advocacy in Latin America, including Guatemalan
Indian refugees in Chiapas, Mexico.
SISTERS OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT RECORDS, 0.1 foot [2 reels microfilm].
Records of the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament for Indians and Colored People.
SOARING EAGLE-REVEREND EMMETT HOFFMANN HERITAGE PROJECT COLLECTION, 1933?-1963?, 1972-1977, 1979, undated, 7.5 feet (7.2 feet unprocessed).
Sound recordings of oral histories and meetings with transcripts of selected events, motion pictures, and print/ recorded publications from Montana
regarding Cheyenne Indian life, history, and culture. This
collection is restricted.
SUTTON, LEE WHITEHORSE, COLLECTION, 1962-1964, undated, 1.4 feet (1.0 foot unprocessed).
Audio recordings of approximately 40 traditional American Indian songs in
native languages with English language commentaries, most of which were
recorded by Sutton in Chicago as instructional recordings under his label, "Chunksa-Uha Sings." Most songs originated in
North and South Dakota, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin, which reflects the tribal
diversity of Chicago in the 1960s.
TEKAKWITHA CONFERENCE RECORDS, 1939-[ongoing], 14.4 feet [1 reel microfilm] (3.3 feet unprocessed).
Records of annual meetings (began 1939) that support Catholic evangelization of and ministry to Native Americans in the
U.S. Northern Plains to 1977, and elsewhere in the U.S. and Canada, after 1980. The holdings include audio, video, and still photography and the newspaper Cross and Feathers, the bulk of which date after 1980. Also included are visits by Pope John Paul II and Vatican officials; Saint Kateri Tekakwitha beatification/ canonization activities, 1980, 2012-2013, and the ordinations of Bishops Donald E. Pelotte, S.S.S. (Abenaki), and Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. (Potawatomi), 1986, 1988.
WPA INDIAN RESEARCH PROJECT COLLECTION, 1936-1940, 0.1 foot [2 reels microfilm].
Recollections by Ojibwa Indians of the Bad River Indian Reservation, Wisconsin, regarding their 19th century history and culture.
YSLETA DEL SUR PUEBLO ARCHIVES, [1794-1985?], 0.6 foot [1 vol., 18 reels microfilm, 80 aperture cards, 2 microfiche].
Facsimile records regarding Tiwa and Apache Indians in Texas compiled
by Ysleta del Sur Pueblo.